A Timeline of Coching, Conde and Francisco’s life and works

1910s-1940s

Carlos
FRANCISCO

Francisco
COCHING

Manuel
CONDE

1912
Born on November 4 to Felipe Francisco, a Chinese mestizo from Santa Cruz, Manila, and Maria Villaluz, a young beauty from Angono, Rizal. Earns the nickname “Botong,” after a local clown whose dusky complexion he shares

1919-1925
Studies at Angono Elementary School with Geniong Lara, a nephew of his Tia Pistang’s husband. Manifests his artistic talent at an early age

1926-1929
Studies with Geniong at the Rizal High School in Pasig. Makes realistic drawings subjects in the neighborhood that catch his interest, and further hones his artistic talent

1919
Born on January 29 to parents Gregorio Coching, a novelist and artist, and Juana Vicente in Buting, Pasig, Rizal

1915
Born Manuel Pabustan Urbano in Daet, Camarines Norte


  

1930-1935
Studies at the University of the Philippines (UP) School of Fine Arts. Gravitates toward
the school director, Fabian de la Rosa, the reigning portraitist and an exponent of genre painting in the country

1934
Accepts the offer to be the layout illustrator at the Philippines Herald where he meets other young artists: Vicente Manansala, Cesar Legaspi, and Hernando Ocampo . Later joins the art department of Manila Tribune as illustrator, along with friends and UP classmates Galo Ocampo, Diosdado Lorenzo, and Ricarte Purugganan

Recommended by UP along with Galo Ocampo to assist Victorio Edades with his commissioned murals. Together they form the “Triumvirate” and work on the mural Rising Philippines for the Capitol Theater

1935
Commissioned to paint a mural in the residence of well-known architect Juan Arellano. Impresses Arellano so much that the architect offers him a monthly salary and his own house as studio, on the condition that he does nothing but paint. Shows up for one day and then disappears.

1938
Pioneers as instructor at the newly-established University of Santo Tomas (UST) School of Architecture and Fine Arts, along with Ocampo, Lorenzo, and Manansala.

1939
Elopes with Rosalina “Nene” Villamayor, a pretty Angono girl ten years his junior

1934
Creates his first komiks character Bing Bigotilyo for the magazine Silahis

1935
Follows the success of his first creation with Mara-Bini, the prototype of Coching’s favorite
“jungle girls”

1936
Becomes an apprentice in Liwayway magazine, doing various tasks

1937
Begins illustrating novels for writers Hilario Labog, Amado Yasona, Jesus G. Esguerra, and Gregorio Coching in magazines;
also starts doing covers for popular magazines Silahis and Liwayway

1931
Moves to Manila to study Geological Engineering at Adamson University

1934
Appears in Carlos Vander Tolosa’s Sa Tawag ng Diyos (On God’s Call)

1935
Works at the studio of Filippine Films, doing various jobs such as clapper boy, painter, and carpenter, stuntman, and scriptwriter
 
Gets a bit part in the film Mahiwagang Biyolin (Mysterious Violin) of Filippine Films

1936
Works for the mining firm Marsman and Co.

1938
Marries Julita Salazar
 
Assists Carlos Vander Tolosa in filming Giliw Ko (My Beloved), the inaugural film of
LVN Pictures
 
Begins performing with a wooden doll called Kiko Tolosa, assuming the name Manuel Conde which is easier to pronounce by a ventriloquist

1942
On March 24, they get married at civil rites held in the town mayo’s house. Their union is blessed with three children: Carmen (1941), Rodolfo (1943), and Carmela (1951)
 
Appears in Manuel Conde’s art shop in Maria Cristina, Sampaloc, applying for work. Taken in as a piece-worker in charge of pin dolls and novelty items

1944
Sweeps the Botica Boie-sponsored KALIBAPI painting contest by winning the three prizes: Angelus, first; Frugal Meal at the Farm, second; and Angono Fiesta, third

1945
Paints the groundbreaking Kaingin, oil on canvas

1946
Teams up with Conde to film Aurora Quezon’s Orasang Ginto for LVN. Returns to teaching, only to give it up the following year

1947
Finishes Pista sa Nayon, a mural for the Manila Hotel considered as the most famous of his works and the “epitome of his artistry.” Later it is transferred to Malacañang.

1948
Wins first prize with Kaingin at the first Art Association of the Philippines exhibit at the National Museum

1941-1945
Joins the Kamagong Unit of the Hunters-ROTC resistance group; continues illustrating for Liwayway and Silahis

1944
Marries Luming Navales with whom he eventually has six children: Lulu, Precy, Kit, Maridel, Dody, and Arnel

1946
Begins the enduring adventures of Hagibis in Liwayway, propelling him to komiks stardom; over a thirty-year period, Coching publishes sixty-three titles spanning a range of genres, from adventure to horror to comedy to romance, almost all of which are made into films by the biggest movie outfits of the era

1948
Contributes funnies to Pilipino Komiks in the tradition of Tony Velasquez

1940
Films Sawing Gantimpala (Tragic Reward), his directorial debut

1941
Makes Hiyas ng Dagat (Treasure of the Sea) for which he again is named Best Director

Films the korido (metrical romance) Ibong Adarna (Adarna Bird), the first local film to use color technology and to gross a million pesos.

1942
Directs Caviteño (Man from Cavite), for which he is named Best Director for the third consecutive
years
 
Meets National Artist Carlos “Botong” Francisco who would later collaborate with him as production designer in many of his films

1946
Writes and directs Orasang Ginto (Clock of Gold), the first movie hit about the Pacific War

1947
Establishes his own film company, Manuel Conde Productions

Si Juan Tamad (Lazy Juan) opens, the first cinematic collaboration between Conde and
Botong

1948
Si Juan Daldal, Anak ni Juan Tamad (Talkative Juan, the Son of Lazy Juan) premieres

1950s-2000s

Carlos
FRANCISCO

Francisco
COCHING

Manuel
CONDE

1950
Designs sets for Siete Infantes de Lara and Genghis Khan, again with Conde

1952
Commissioned to design the tools, costumes, and sets for Conde’s Saranggani, a dramatization of the construction of the Banaue Rice Terraces. Because of its huge dollar allocation requirements ($500,000), Central Bank disapproves the project

1953
Paints Five Hundred Years of Philippine History, his first important mural, for the first International Fair held in Manila

1959
Receives Most Outstanding Alumnus Award from the UP School of Fine Arts, as one of those “who brought honor to their Alma Mater,” despite having been a dropout

1950
Collaborates with his father Gregorio Coching in the komiks Hara- Siri, a sweeping   fantasy epic that runs for a year in Tagalog   Klasiks

1950
Films Genghis Khan

1951
Visits Hollywood to study the newest filmmaking techniques
 
Writer and Critic James Agee reedits Genghis Khan

1952
The reedited version of Genghis Khan premiers at the Venice Film Festival and receives critical acclaim

1953
Genghis Khan is shown at the Edinburgh Film Festival and becomes the first Filipino film to be distributed worldwide by United Artists

1955
Films Ang Ibong Adarna (The Adarna Bird), a remake of his 1941 film and the first local movie in Eastman color.

Directs Ikaw Kasi! (It’s All Your Fault!) starring Nestor de Villa and Nida Blanca. Filmed in cooperation with the Philippine Coconut Authority (PHILCOA), this movie is also meant to educate viewers about the Philippine coconut industry

1956
Makes the commercial hits Handang Matodas (Ready to Die) and Bahala Na

1959
Films Juan Tamad Goes to Congress

1964
Receives the Republic Cultural Heritage Award. Commissioned to paint one of his largest
murals, Filipino Struggles Through History, for the Bulwagang Katipunan of the Manila City Hall. Agrees to do what will turn out to be his last large works, Introduction of the First Christian Image and First Mass In the Philippines, oil on canvas, for the celebration of the Fourth centennial of Philippine Christianization in Cebu the following year.

1960
Juan Tamad Goes to Society is shown

1963
Makes Si Juan Tamad at Juan Masipag sa   Pulitikang Walang Hanggan

1965
Runs for Congress in the 3rd district of Manila   under the Nacionalista Party

1969
Long-time friend and artistic collaborator   Botong Francisco dies

1973
Posthumously proclaimed by President Ferdinand E. Marcos as National Artist for Painting, in recognition of his rare excellence and contribution to Philippine art

1970
Dimasalang sweeps the Metro Manila Film Festival

1974
Retires at the age of fifty-four with sixty-three komiks novels; his  last novel, El Negro, is published in Liwayway and filmed in the same year

1973
Plans another Juan Tamad movie but shelves it because of Martial Law
 
Produces a remake of his earlier film Siete Infantes de Lara which his son Jun Urbano directs

1977
Films the pre-Spanish part of Tadhana: Ito Ang Lahing Pilipino, a historical epic and legendary saga to commemorate the 5th year of The New Society

1979
A Juan Tamad series opens on Philippine television

1981
Receives Makasining na Komiks Award in the Tanging Parangal for  Comics Art from   the Manila Commission for Arts and Culture

1984
Accepts a Lifetime Achievement Award from the Komiks Operation Brotherhood, Inc.   (KOMOPEB)

1987
Exhibit of his works opens at Nayong Pilipino with peers from art  and komiks world   attending

1980
Appears as Juan Tamad, Sr., father to Juan Tamad, Jr. played by then child actor Niño Muhlach

1982
Becomes one of the 15 awardees of the Walang Kupas Award

1983
Plays as Mang Enteng in the TV series Pira-pirasong Pangarap

Receives the Bicol Heritage Award and the Gawad ng Karangalan of the Screenwriters Guild of the Philippines

1984
The Mayor of Manila awards him the Patnubay ng Kalinangan medal and citation

1985
Passes away at age 69
 

1998
Receives an Award for Excellence from the Pasay City government for his significant contributions to the local arts scene; dies at the age of 79 on September 1

1999
Is nominated for National Artist of the Philippines for Visual Arts

2001
Exhibit of his works titled Komiks: Katha at Guhit ni Francisco V. Coching opens at the Cultural Center of the Philippines

2008
Receives Gawag CCP Para sa Sining for his outstanding achievements and contributions to Philippine culture and the arts

2009
Exhibit of works titled Francisco V. Coching: Filipino Master Komiks Artist tours New York and Hawaii; El Indio is restored by Gerry Alaguilan and Zara Macandili and published as a graphic novel by Vibal Foundation; dual exhibit with National Artist Botong Francisco titled Telling Modern Time, opens at the National Art Gallery